Tomatoes are the fruit that is often used as a vegetable in many dishes and recipes. Tomatoes are usually red but there are many other varieties available in the market which comes in different colours such as yellow, purple, green, and so forth. These are also full of nutrients including vitamin C, Potassium, and vitamin K. So, today we are going to talk about how to grow tomatoes from seed at home. If you want to know more about tomatoes, you can find it here.
This article covers the information about how to grow tomatoes from seed. Tomatoes are the easiest thing to grow. Those who are new to gardening, tomatoes are the best idea to get started.
Tomatoes are the warm-season fruit which grows when the soil temperature is at least 55°F (12°C) and the air temperature ranges between 65° and 90°F (18-32°C).
- Tomatoes seeds are normally planted indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last spring frost.
- The requirement for early-season tomatoes to reach harvesting point is 50-60 days after transplanting; mid-season tomatoes need 60-80 days after transplanting; late-season tomatoes require 80 or more days.
TYPES OF TOMATOES
BUSH AND DWARF TOMATOES:
- Bush tomatoes are 2 to 4 feet tall whereas dwarf tomatoes grow about 2 feet tall.
- These varieties need a very little amount of space.
- During the blooming process of bush tomatoes and dwarf tomatoes, the plant stops growing and fruit appear at the peak of stems.
- These tomatoes usually take four to six week period to grow and ripe and also the tomatoes usually ripe all at once.
- Vining tomatoes grow about 6 feet tall or more
- These tomatoes require a space of 3 to 4 feet.
- If vining tomatoes are not pruned, they will grow almost indefinitely or stopped by frost.
- Most vining tomatoes need a tomato cage as they spread like vines.
- Vining tomatoes can also grow on the ground but it will be for the fruits as those will be caught by diseases or fungus.
Germinating tomato seeds indoor:
- Tomatoes seeds are planted indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last spring frost and transplanted after the last frost.
- Sow the seeds in individual in a seedling medium such as coco peat Make sure to put a drainage hole under the pot. (Use of seedling would be best)
- Sow 2-3 seeds half an inch deep in the soil and 1 inch apart at the same place.
- Place the pot near a bright window or under fluorescent lights set about 2 inches (5 cm) above the plants.
- Always keep the soil moist (not wet).
- If the temperature is at 75°F (24°C) or warmer, the seeds will take 5-7 days to germinate.
- Pinch the weakest seedlings when the strongest reach the height of 2 inches.
- Seedlings can be transplanted after 2 weeks of germination in a bigger pot but be careful. DO NOT disturb the roots.
TRANSPLANTING TOMATO SEEDLING TO THE GARDEN:
- Tomatoes can be transplanted into grounds when the soil temperature reaches 55°F (13°C) and the nighttime air becomes 50°F (10°C) or warmer.
- During the day, take the young plants outside protected from the direct sunlight for two weeks. This will help them to harden off.
- Tomato plants can’t survive in temperature cooler than 50°F (10°C). If unexpected frost happens, immediately cover the plants.
- Bury the seedlings deeper than it was in the tray or pot. It will help the plant in stabling. Make sure to remove the leaves on the stem except for the top two leaves.
- Don’t forget to water the transplants.
- Maintain the space in the garden. Bush tomatoes plants need to be distant at 2.4 inches apart whereas vining plant needs 36 to 48 inches.
- Grow tomato plants in full sun. Tomatoes need at least 8 hours of sunlight in a day.
- Tomatoes like soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8.
- Tomato prefers warm, well-drained soil but moisture-retentive soil which contains a good amount of organic matter.
- Tomatoes require water regularly. Make sure to keep the soil moist but not wet.
- Water at the base of the stem. Try NOT to water the leaves.
- The requirement for early-season tomatoes to reach harvesting point is 50-60 days after transplanting.
- Mid-season tomatoes need 60-80 days after transplanting.
- Late-season tomatoes require 80 or more days.
Tell me, did you grow tomatoes?
This information is researched-base. The credit goes to HARVESTTOTABLE